主题：From Chinatown to Every Town: New Patterns of Employment for Low-skilled Chinese Immigrants in the United States
主讲人： 美国纽约州立大学奥尔巴尼分校 梁在教授
主讲人概况：Zai Liang (梁在) is Professor of Sociology and Core Director of Center for Social and Demographic Analysis at State University of New York at Albany. He is also Changjiang Scholar Chair Professor at Xi’an Jiaotong University and Co-director of Urban China Research Network, an international research organization of urban China scholars. His main research interests are internal migration in China, international migration, urban sociology and inequality. He has published in many leading sociology and demography journals such as Annual Review of Sociology, American Journal of Sociology, Social Forces, Social Science Research, and Population and Development Reviewamong others. His research has been supported by many funding agencies including the U.S. National Science Foundation, the U.S. National Institutes of Health, the Ford Foundation, and China Social Science and Philosophy Foundation.
主要内容： There has been a profound change in settlement patterns of low skilled immigrants: moving away from traditional Chinatowns in major American cities toward non-gateway destinations and rural areas. These new settlement locations are characterized by low unemployment rate and low crime rate. Contrary to predictions from ethnic economy and mainstream economic perspectives, Chinese restaurant jobs tend not to be located in places with high concentration of Chinese immigrants, but rather in places with high proportion of non-Hispanic whites. In addition, the further the jobs are away from New York City, the higher the salary.The implications of this fundamental change for re-conceptualization of immigrant labor market and immigrant socioeconomic mobility in American society are discussed.