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厦门大学经济学院 梁雅雯副教授:Does Trade Liberalization Induce Occupation Movement? A Task-based Analysis Using Indonesia Data

([西财资讯] 发布于 :2018-04-10 )

光华讲坛——社会名流与企业家论坛第4873

 

 题:Does Trade Liberalization Induce Occupation Movement? A Task-based Analysis Using Indonesia Data

主讲人:厦门大学经济学院 梁雅雯副教授

主持人:国际商学院 楚仁教授

 间:20180412(星期)18:30-20:00

 点:利记娱乐网柳林校区颐德楼415

主办单位:国际商学院 科研处

 

主讲人概况:

梁雅雯,加拿大英属哥伦比亚大学经济学博士,厦门大学经济学院副教授,主要研究领域为国际贸易学、劳动经济学和应用计量等。

主讲内容:

Does task trading induce workers to change jobs in a developing country? To answer this question, we propose a general equilibrium model with heterogeneous workers self selecting into different tasks according to their skill-specific comparative advantage,individual task-specific abilities, and task prices. We define tasks at the occupation level and classify occupations into three groups: cognitive, routine, and manual. Tasks embedded in goods to foreign countries act as demand shocks that influence the occupational choices of workers through changing task prices. The model predicts that a positive shock of foreign demand for a task generates a movement of workers into that task. Using Indonesian data, we estimate this effect by exploiting the regional variations in the exposure to trade and occupational employment. The main finding is that during the pre-opening period (1990-1996), trade had no significant effect on workers’occupational choices. However, in the post-opening period (2002-2006), growing demafrom foreign countries induced workers to move to routine jobs, which were shrinking in many developed economies in the same period. We further investigate the impact of trading with China. We find that China alone accounts for about 10 percent of Indonesia’s trade-induced occupational employment changes for manual jobs and half of the increase in cognitive jobs, but it h as little impact on the workers in routine occupations. 


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