主题：Innovation and Growth: Evidence from Latin American countries
主讲人：Luis Alfredo Avila Lopez,Autonomous University of Baja California
Luis Alfredo Avila Lopez is an associate professor of Accounting school of Autonomous University of Baja California. He is a member of National System of Researchers since 1998. Currently he is Level III, which is the highest level. He has 7 publications: 1 book, 4 papers in journals, 2 chapters in books.
It studies the long-run relationship between innovation and per capita economic growth in the 12 Latin American countries over the period 1996–2016. This study uses six different indicators of innovation: patents-residents, patents-non-residents, research and development expenditure, researchers in research and development activities, high-technology exports, and scientific and technical journal articles to examine this long-run relationship with per capita economic growth. Using integration technique, the study finds evidence of long-run relationship between innovation and per capita economic growth in most of the cases, typically with reference to the use of a particular innovation indicator. Using Granger causality test, the study finds the presence of both unidirectional and bidirectional causality between innovation and per capita economic growth. These results vary from country to country, depending upon the types of innovation indicators that we use in the empirical investigation process. Most importantly, the study finds that all these innovation indicators are considerably linked with per capita economic growth.